Apart, from the counting of the months in order to follow with the circulation of the year, this Latin calendar has a great and exclusive significance for the Western world. Most of the months in the year were established on the basis of ancient Greek or Roman mythology, divinity, tradition and religious occasions. Romans renamed most of the months after their evil gods as I discussed below, therefore they practiced and practice still these ritual events arranging religious and ritual celebrations for their ancient gods while the Muslim world was convinced that the calendar had been formed purely without western ideological issue to know only where the year starts and ends. See below expressions, I discussed the history and ideas associated with the formation of the calendar in details.

1- January: it was named after Janus that means the god of the doorway, thus in the ancient Roman period Janus was known as Roman two faced god of doors whose temple in Rome was closed in times of peace. Traditionally the original Roman calendar was consisted of ten months totaling 304 days and winter being considered monthless around 713 BC.

2- February: historically it was named after Latin term Februum which means purification ritual, such purification rituals were held on February 15 in the old Roman calendar. Both January and February were the last two months to be added to the Roman calendar.

3- March: the name of March comes from the ancient roman word Mars, which means the roman god of war.

4- April: the derivation of the name of April etymological was from Latin term Aperire that means to open, it means when trees and flowers begin to open.

5- May: the month had been named for the Greek goddess Maia, the mother of mercury who was identified with the Roman era as goddess of fertility whose festival is held in May.

6- June: this month was named after the Roman goddess, Juno, wife of Jupiter and equivalent to the Greek goddess Hera.It is the sixth month of the year.

7- July: it was renamed for Julius Caesar who was born in that month; previously it was called Ouintilis in Latin.

8- August: this month was renamed in hour of August who was Roman Emperor in 8BC, because several significant events in his rise to power took place in this month. Originally it had consisted of 29 days in the Roman calendar but later on it took two days from February.

9- September: it was a Latin word that means seven, it had been in fact the seven month of the year in Roman until 153BC but later on was called the ninth month.

10- October: it was derived from Latin term Octo that means eight, because it was the eight month according to the old Roman calendar.

11- November: this month had been derived Latin word Novem which means nine but now it is 11 month according to the Gregorian calendar

12- December: it was derived originally from Latin word Decem means ten according to Roman calendar until the monthless winter period was divided

between January and February.

Thus, if we glance comprehensively at the meanings and etymology of all the months, there is a historical significant religious issue for the western world. They established most of the months on the basis of divinities and ritual occasions celebrating for their evil gods, but misfortunately Muslim community was persuaded to count the year with the Latin months rather than Islamic calendar, while they are not aware of the major ideology associated with the months. Also, there are many occasions in the months and days of the weeks, such as Valentines Day.For instance, Tuesday, Tiw. the old English god of war. Wednesday Woden, the chief god of the ancient Germanic peoples Thursday Thunor, the English thunder god. Saturday, Satura, the ancient Roman god of agriculture

by Abdi Ahmed Digale(Digale)


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